Search for “internet providers in my area” and you may likely end up in a list that shows carriers offering 5G mobile service. However, it is yet to come out of a testing phase and materialize into commercial availability. As the industry waits for the nationwide and commercial launch of 5G mobile, it has a lot of expectations from 5G.
Its commercial launch will be a significant milestone for the telecommunications segment of the US. It is expected to happen in the near future. With many wireless technologies’ inclusion such as mmWave, sub-6 GHz, as well as NB-IoT, the 5G applications have a broader scope than the internet in earlier generations, offering new chances for device manufacturers, enterprises, and carriers. Besides, 5G mobile is becoming a very competitive race, among not just carriers inside a region but also between nations.
As a result, it will be rolled out by telecom carriers in just about every region in one year. First, it will be launched in main cities; then it will take some more time before there is full nationwide and global coverage. However, researchers believe that it will be twice as quick as 4G technology, which took around ten years to reach nigh-global coverage.
5G’s quick launch is a testament to the telecommunication segment’s ability to come together via the 3rd Generation Partnership Project to pull in the 5G NR (New Radio) specification to 2017, the 5G Standalone spec to 2018, and networks and products’ rollout to 2019. This is impressive given challenges of moving a global industry that has been fragmented by incompatible and competing technologies as well as slow to roll out networks in earlier generations.
Although 5G is based upon the exact OFDM (Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing) technology as its expected precursor 4G LTE, the mix of more licensed and unlicensed frequency bands is exponentially increasing the complexity.
One of the industry players suggested that the potential number of bands exceeds ten thousand, which is ten times more than 4G. However, the telecommunications segment is ready for the launch with support from major equipment vendors.
5G is considered a milestone for the industry as a whole. With more options for wireless connectivity, lower latency, higher bandwidth, and other enhancements, it will allow not just new ways to connect to the internet but also fresh applications. It will allow more hybrid as well as cloud applications that range from machine learning, to cloud-based graphics for VR, AR, and online gaming. With gigabit internet speeds, it will also get rid of the requirement for wires as the “last mile of connectivity” and even inside a house and enterprise.